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20 12 Quilted Lilac Buttoned Quilted Jacket Bed Lilac Light Coat 16 UK Night 24 22 Ladies 14 18 OR 10 Boucle Size Pink House Light Sleep Fleece 26 Blue Luxury Collared The SMOG Readability Formula, a Simple Measure of Gobbledygook

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Fleece 14 Luxury Bed Size 22 16 Buttoned Ladies Blue 12 24 Pink Quilted House Jacket UK OR Sleep Coat Boucle Light Night 20 18 Lilac Light 10 Collared 26 Lilac Quilted G Harry McLaughlin created the SMOG Readability Formula in 1969 through an article, SMOG Grading – A New Readability Formula in the Journal of Reading. SMOG Readability Formula estimates the years of education a person needs to understand a piece of writing. McLaughlin created this formula as an improvement over other readability formulas. You may come across SMOG as an acronym for Simple Measure of Gobbledygook, but it’s widely believed the title is a nod to Robert Gunning’s FOG Index.

McLaughlin started his career as a sub-editor of the Mirror newspaper in London, but spent much of his life in Applied Psychology. He left the newspaper to pursue a doctorate in psycholinguistics at the University of London. He wrote a thesis titled, “ What Makes Prose Understandable.” After teaching human communications at City University of London, he moved to Toronto, Canada where McLaughlin taught briefly at York University and then to the University of Syracuse, where he published his SMOG Formula in 1969.

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Step 1: Take the entire text to be assessed.

Step 2: Count 10 sentences in a row near the beginning, 10 in the middle, and 10 in the end for a total of 30 sentences.

Step 3: Count every word with three or more syllables in each group of sentences, even if the same word appears more than once.

Step 4: Calculate the square root of the number arrived at in Step 3 and round it off to nearest 10.

Step 4: Add 3 to the figure arrived at in Step 4 to know the SMOG Grade, i.e., the reading grade that a person must have reached if he is to understand fully the text assessed.

SMOG grade = 3 + Square Root of Polysyllable Count

The SMOG Formula is considered appropriate for secondary age (4th grade to college level) readers.

The premises of McLaughlin’s SMOG Formula are:

1. A sentence is defined as a string of words punctuated with a period, an exclamation mark, or a question mark.
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2. Consider long sentences with a semi-colon as two sentences.

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3. Words with hyphen are considered as a single word.

4. Proper nouns, if polysyllabic should be counted.

22 Boucle Fleece Buttoned Lilac Collared 10 Light Quilted Sleep UK Night Bed Ladies Pink 26 Quilted 18 Lilac Size Luxury OR 12 Jacket 24 16 House 14 Blue 20 Light Coat 5. Numbers that are written should be counted. If written in numeric form, they should be pronounced to determine if they are polysyllabic.

6. Abbreviations should be read as though unabbreviated to determine if they are polysyllabic. However, abbreviations should be avoided unless commonly known.

7. If the text being graded is shorter than 30 sentences, follow the steps below:

i. Count all the polysyllabic words in the text

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iii. Divide the figures obtained in i. by the figure obtained in ii. to arrive at Average Polysyllabic Words per sentence.

iv. Multiply the figure obtained in iii. with the average number of sentences short of 30.

v. Add the figure obtained in iv. to the total number of polysyllabic words.

vi. Compare the number of polysyllabic words in the SMOG Conversion Table.

SMOG Conversion Table
 Total Polysyllabic Word Count  Approximate Grade Level (+1.5 Grades)
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 7 - 12  6
 13 - 20  7
 21 - 30  8
 31 - 42  9
 43 - 56  10
 57 - 72  11
 73 - 90  12
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 111 - 132 24 Bed Night Pink 12 Light Quilted 22 26 Jacket Collared Ladies Light 16 OR Luxury 14 Size 18 Lilac Quilted House 10 Boucle Lilac Coat Blue Sleep Fleece 20 Buttoned UK  14
 133 - 156  15
 157 - 182  16
 183 - 210  17
 211 - 240  18
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McLaughlin validated his formula against the McCall-Crabbs passages. He used a 100% correct-score criterion, whereas most formulas test for around 50%-75% comprehension. His formula generally predicts scores at least two grades higher than the Dale-Chall formula.

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